Vertigo is a sensation of spinning or that the world around you is spinning. It may be associated with vomiting or nausea (sense of vomiting) and loss of balance
Causes of Vertigo
Vertigo is often caused by an inner ear problem. Some of the most common causes include:
BPPV. These initials stand for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. The inner ear helps you keep your balance and BPPV occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) clump up in canals of the inner ear. The episodes of vertigo in BPPV are brief lasting for few sends to minutes and are triggered by movements of the head e.g; turning in bed, getting up or lying down, etc. BPPV can be treated with physical maneuvers and medications.
Meniere’s disease. This is an inner ear disorder thought to be caused by a buildup of fluid and changing pressure in the ear. It can cause prolonged episodes (hours) of vertigo along with ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and hearing loss.
Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis. This is an inner ear problem usually related to infection (usually viral). The infection causes inflammation in the inner ear around nerves that are important for helping the body sense balance The vertigo may last for few days to weeks.
Less often vertigo may be associated with:
- Head or neck injury
- Brain problems such as stroke or tumor
- Certain medications that cause ear damage
- Migraine headaches