Movement disorders are a group of conditions which are characterized by decreased or increased movements in any part of the body. These movements are involuntary (meaning that the patient has no control over these decrease or increase in movements).
The common movement disorders are
- Parkinson’s disease: Slowness in all movements and in all daily activities, bent posture, tremors or shaking of one or both hands
- Essential Tremors: Tremors or shaking of hands and at times other parts of body; tremors typically increase during anxiety, stress, fasting, lack of sleep.
- Writer’s Cramp: abnormal posture of hand while writing causing a worsening difficulty in writing
- Chorea: Involuntary, continuous, movement of entire body
Other movement disorders are dystonia, dyskinesia, tics, etc
Treatment is usually with medicines. In some cases a surgical procedure called ‘Deep Brain Stimulation’ may benefit.
Treatment varies by disorder. Medicine can cure some disorders. Others get better when an underlying disease is treated. Often, however, there is no cure. In that case, the goal of treatment is to improve symptoms and relieve pain.